2019 22019 #2 (49)
 
 
The Theme:
 
Civil war in the Russian Far East
(1918–1922): cultural and ethnic aspects
 
 
 
 
 
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Karaman V.N., Rykunov D.E.
Cinema in Primorye in the years of the revolution, Civil war and military intervention (1917–1922)

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The article gives a picture of the development of cinema in the years of the Civil War
and military intervention(1917–1922) in the territory of Primorye. In a scientific revolution
are introduced little-known sources reflecting the activities of cinematographic studios,
cinemas, film shifts and everything that was somehow connected with cinema. For the first
time, attempts by non-Bolshevik governments to form their film distribution industry are
shown and analyzed.
Poznyak T.Z.
Actions of the Japanese interventionists in Vladivostok on April 4-6, 1920: violence and strategies of behavior of the population during an armed conflict

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The article is devoted to strategies of behavior of the Japanese invaders, the Russian
military and civilian residents of Vladivostok during the armed conflict – Japanese riots
4-6 April 1920. The Japanese military action is characterized by the planning, preparation,
attempt to present their attacks as a response to provocation by Russian troops, unreasonable and senseless violence. Strategies of behavior of citizens included as fully natural at the armed violence of action attempts to be hidden in basements, entrances of houses, not offer resistance, submit to the requirements of soldiery, so extreme hikes on municipal streets
under a fire and at the threat of violence, engaging in everyday affairs, attempts to offer
resistance military, to protect the rights, arrange massacres and robberies.
 
Аrgudyaeva Yu.V.
From Russia to the Manchurian Three-Rivers: the Exodus of Russian Cossacks and Peasants after the Civil War

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The reasons for emigration and the exodus of the Russian Cossacks of Transbaikalia
and the Old Believers' peasants of Primorye to the Manchurian Three-Rivers are shown.
The history of the emergence of the first Russian zaimok and settlements on the Manchurian
land, their religious composition is covered. The characteristics of the adaptation of Russians
to economic activities in the natural environment of the Three-Rivers are characterized.
The main reasons for and periods of re-emigration of Russian inhabitants of the Three-
Rivers to Russia and emigration to the countries of the Asia-Pacific region are indicated.
 
Krayushkina T.V.
Song folklore of the Civil War in Primorye: nameless heroes and heroism

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In the article on the material of the song folklore of the Civil War, recorded in
Primorye in 1919–1976, the image of the nameless hero formed in the new historical
conditions and the transformation of ideas about heroism are considered. The significant
elements of the characters' images are distinguished: the name of the characters, the
evaluation of opponents, the description of the body image, the subject realities, actions.
Conclusions are drawn about the different implementation of the individual hero and
group. Heroism is associated with the achievement of a common goal – the overthrow of
the class enemy. The assimilation of political ideas by the Russian people is accompanied
by the active filling of the usual patterns of traditional Russian ideas with new meanings.
 
Fetisova L.E.
Folklore heritage as a keeper and broadcaster of the memory of the events of 1918–1922 in the Russian Far East
 
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Folklore heritage devoted to the Civil war and foreign interventions in the Russian
Far East is considered as peculiar form of historical memory. The study is based on published
sources and the author’s expedition materials. The examples of oral narratives and songs
are given. Emphasizing the subjective nature of such sources the author recalls they are
an integral part of national history and culture, which we could study and comprehend.
 
Historical Regional Studies  
Pchela I.V.
The material position of teachers of rural schools of the Primorsky region in the end XIX – beginning of ХХ century

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An author studied material position of teachers that worked in rural schools of edge
in the end XIX – beginning of the XX century. The article is written on materials of the
Russian State Historical Archive of Far East. Sources and wage rate, order of her receipt is
described in her, the standard of living of teachers of different types of schools is compared.
In the total an author concludes, that a level and quality of life of teachers rendered
substantial influence on school education in a rural hinterland of the Primorsky region.
 
Maklyukov А.V.
Formation of electric power industry personnel in the Far East of the USSR in 1920–1930s

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The article deals with the formation of industrial personnel in the electric power
industry in the Far East of the USSR in the 1920–1930s. It is shown that the folding
of labor collectives of Far Eastern power plants took place in the difficult labor, social
and political conditions typical for the country in this period in general and for the region
in particular. The author comes to a conclusion, in 1920–1930s. the main production
personnel of large power stations of the region were prepared and formed. Thanks to the
work of power engineers in the Far Eastern outskirts of the country there were the first
large factories producing electricity, which contributed to the modernization of the region.
 
Isaev А.А.
The reaction of the urban population of the Far East of the USSR to loan campaigns in the 1930s–1941

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On the basis of archival documents, the reaction of the urban population of the Far
East of the USSR to the organization and conduct of state loan campaigns in the 1930s
is analyzed. It justifies the idea that the reaction of the population was ambiguous and
depended on various political, ideological and socio-economic aspects of the life of the urban
population of the region. For some, material problems (poor supply, low wages, housing
shortages, etc.) were fundamental in the formation of a certain, usually critical, reaction.
For others, these problems were minor and were temporary, which would be obsolete with
time, the main factor for them was the ideological factor, the conviction that the building of
a socialist society would be soon. It was these people who were used by the authorities as
voluntary assistants who contributed to the development of borrowing policy of the state
in Far Eastern society.
 
Round Table  
Demyanenko A.N., Goryunov A.P., Kondratenko G.V., Isaev A.G., Barbenko Y.A. Features of regional development in the Far East today
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Economy and Nature  
Yan Lin'lin'
Priority areas of economic development and cooperation promoted by Russia in the format of the Eastern Economic Forum

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Since 2015 the experience in using new laws that have been launched by the
Russian Government at the Russian Far East (RFE) and projects for investments have
been discussed at the sessions of the Eastern Economic Forums (EEF), thus contributing
to the development of the RFE and its incorporation into NEA integration space. Despite
the importance of tasks solved by Russia at the forums, there is practically no scientific
literature that is summarizing and characterizing information on EEFs over the past
years, and therefore the high relevance of the topic, and scientific and practical value of the
article are beyond any doubt. The purpose of the work is to study priority areas of economic
development and cooperation promoted by Russia in the format of the Eastern Economic
Forums, while the basis of the article was an analysis of scientific literature and statistical
reports on the results of the forums.
 
Social and Demographic Structures  
Filipova А.G., Lebedeva E.V.
Child and youth friendliness of the urban environment: from theoretical approaches to expert interpretations
 
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Three approaches to understanding the friendliness of the urban environment
(urban, socio-psychological and managerial) are illustrated in the article with materials
from expert interviews. The experts were specialists involved in the organization of
recreation and leisure of children and youth in the city; urban planning, architecture and
urban design; maintaining the health of children and young people and ensuring safety
in the city, including road safety. Attempts have been made to single out indicators of
friendliness of the urban environment to citizens from the standpoint of the three
aforementioned approaches, as well as possible directions for transforming the city in the
direction of increasing its friendliness.
 
Martyshenko N.С.
Development of typologies according to sociological surveys in Internet

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In recent years, there has been a shift from a traditional poll to an electronic survey.
With the development of methods for processing qualitative information, the possibilities for
studying socio-economic processes are greatly expanded. To obtain quantitative estimates
based on qualitative data, it is necessary to transition from unstructured qualitative data
to structured ones. For the analysis of qualitative data, a typological analysis is used.
The paper considers methodological approaches for constructing typologies in the study of
socio-economic processes and phenomena.
 
Cultural and Ideological Factors of Regionalization  
Samojlenko P.Yu.
Information image of a Primorsky businessman as a factor of regional development and territorial brand advancement

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The article is devoted to the issues of information promotion of the Primorsky
Territory, ensuring Russian national interests in the Asia-Pacific region through the
development of sustainable images in the business sphere. Such actions will improve the
image of Russia as a major power in the Pacific and its influence on the multifactor processes
in this region, as well as accelerate the development of foreign economic cooperation with
the countries of North-East Asia and the Asia-Pacific Region.
 

World System and International Regions

 
Gutenev M.Yu.
The Arctic in US Foreign Policy

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The article deals with the emergence and development of the us Arctic strategy. The
key historical moments that influenced the emergence of the modern Arctic policy of the
country are analyzed. Due to the harsh climatic conditions, remoteness, underdeveloped
infrastructure, the Arctic direction of American policy has traditionally been not a priority
for Washington. The growing pressure of the US public on the need to adopt the strategy and
turn the US into an "Arctic nation" was completed in 2009, at the end of the administration of
J.Bush, when the strategy entitled "presidential Directive on national security"was finally
adopted. The us strategic course in the Arctic region has undergone minimal changes since
1994. In many ways, economic, military, political and environmental interests remain the
Foundation of Washington's policy in the Arctic. In many ways, economic and militarypolitical
interests remain the Foundation of Washington's policy in the Arctic. If we talk
about the near future, in addition to the environmental direction, Washington's overall
strategy for the Arctic should not undergo any significant changes. This is largely due to
the fact that the majority of American officials in charge of the us Arctic policy remained in
their places under D. Trump. Despite the emerging growth of us interest in the Arctic, the
military-political situation in the region remains quite predictable and stable.
 

Scientific Life

 
Vinokurova A.V., Kostina E.Yu.
All-Russian scientific and practical seminar "Centrе and periphery: dialogue or untapped opportunities?" (Vladivostok, 18–19 April 2019)

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Obituaries  
Anatoliy Aleksandrovich Shcherbina (1949–2019)  
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