2019 32020 #2 (53)
The Theme:
Current Theoretical and Methodological Problems of Regional Studies
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Kuznetsov A. M.
East Asia as a Complex Phenomenon (Some Issues of Investigation)

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The article discusses the prospects of using the principle of complexity in regional studies. The main value that the proposed approach gives is the analysis of various descriptions of the regions and their components, taking into account the characteristics of the observers who compiled them and their position in relation to the region. The conclusion is proposed that, for the formation of a holistic view of the regions, second-order observers are also needed, which, based on the theory of the region as a complex phenomenon, will be able to generalize the data of primary observers.
Martianov V. S.
The Western Mainstream Crisis

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The mainstream of socio-political sciences, which describes contemporary societies in the basic categories of democracy, capitalism and modernity, is experiencing increasing challenges. The latter are due to a change in the global ontology of mankind today, which can hardly be included in the Procrustean bed of the model of a self-regulating market and the accompanying moral and political hierarchies outside the economic field. The number and depth of all possible deviations of the existing political orders from the ideals of mainstream theories, including Western societies themselves, which were considered exemplary, no longer allows describing global modernity with the help of binary oppositions based on the norm / deviation principle. The mainstream as a combination of simple market metaphors and their direct transfer to the field of politics increasingly reveals blind spots, double standards and irrelevance in relation to the expanding non-market and undemocratic ontology of contemporary societies.
Bulanenko M. E., Popovkin A. V.
Between Scylla and Charybdis: on empiricism and apriorism in regional studies

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Contemporary humanities and social sciences, including regional studies, often make use of two opposite, but equally epistemically suboptimal approaches. These are mere description and generalization of empirical data, on the one hand, and excessively aprioristic theorizing, on the other hand. Though both approaches have a long history, it is aprioristic theories that enjoy greater popularity in humanities until today. The first theory of this sort to have become widely renowned in Russia was I. V. Kireevsky’s (1806 – 1856) theory of cultural types. Among the most influential theories relevant for the studies of cultural traditions of the Far Eastern region is C. Hansen’s famous interpretation of pre-Han philosophy as radically different from its western counterpart in developing a kind of computer theory of mind. Eventually, C. Hansen’s theory was refuted by C. Harbsmeier on the basis of extensive textual evidence. However, aprioristic theorizing still heavily affects the studies of cultural traditions of the Far East. A reasonable alternative to both empiricism and apriorism in regional studies provides the well-established hypotheticodeductive method.
Pakhomov O. S.
East Asia as Regional Civilization

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This work examines East Asia as regional civilization that developed in form of complex relations towards Chinese model of centralized state. Adoption of Chinese statehood came into contradiction with Korean and Japanese local conditions. This produced risks for internal political legitimacy of statehood in both countries. Necessity to preserve internal legitimacy encouraged external expansion of Imperial China and forced Korea and Japan to resist Sinocentric order. This contradiction defined reality of East Asian civilization during traditional period, influenced its transition to modernity.  


Historical Regional Studies

Starcev А. F.
Tribal community of the natives of the Priamurye, Primorye and Sakhalin and its features
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TThe tribal community of the indigenous inhabitants of the Priamurye, Primorye and Sakhalin is one of the main forms of social organization in the era of the primitive communal system, in which people were connected by collective labor and the general consumption of hunting and fishing products. Each tribal community of the Aboriginal people of the region was a large collective connected by kinship, common origin and economic life. The individual relations of individual members of the clan community were regulated by customary law, for the violation of which the perpetrator was punished by society. Separate remnants of the clan community in the small ethnic groups of the Priamurye and Primorye regions functioned in the second half of the 70s of the twentieth century.
Zverkov E. А.
Voronezh province in the early twentieth century: the socio-economic portrait

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The article is devoted to consideration of social and economic situation in Voronezh at the beginning of 20th century, because it is a typical region of Russia at that time. Voronezh province was made an agrarian region, which had a high sensibility to demographic processes by poor development of industrial production and a preponderance of peasant class in social structure. Working class in Voronezh increased with the help of peasants, who left countries in search of a job. However, replenishment of peasants was not mass and it had an impact on the urban population, which was not high enough until the World War I.
Khisamutdinova N. V., Khisamutdinov А. А.
"Legal Review": "We consider it our duty to do everything possible in this area"

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This article describes "The Legal Review", the first professional journal for jurists in the Russian Far East. It was published in Vladivostok in 1921–1922 under the editorship of the famous law professor Valentin Aleksandrovich Ryazanovsky (1884–1968, Oakland, USA). The article reveals topics covered by the journal, its authors and the most interesting publications. It is based on the recently discovered issues of "The Legal Review" from the University of Hawaii Hamilton library (Honolulu, USA), as well as other materials from the US and China archives and libraries.  


Economy and Nature

Bychkova V. A., Latkin A. P.
Systematization of theoretical ideas to the socio-economic essence of family business

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Over the past twenty years, the theme of family entrepreneurship has received sufficient development in the world community. According to experts, about 2/3 of the world's firms are family-owned. In this regard, the interest of family businesses for government support is increasing. In the context of increasing interest for the family business’ role in the country's economy, the lack of understanding the essential features of family business may become one of the limiting factors for the long-term development of family entrepreneurship in Russia. It is necessary to study the accumulated knowledge about the essence of family business in order to create a qualitative basis for their further adaptation to the regional aspects of the domestic territories development. This paper presents a systematization of theoretical ideas about the socio-economic essence of family business. The paper is based on the analysis of the Russian and foreign researchers on focused problem.


Social and Demographic Structures

Filipova А. G., Kuz'min V. L.
The history of playgrounds: from combating against children neglect to free play

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The article presents the history of playgrounds in Russia. The authors study the history of the emergence of playgrounds in Russia at the turn of the 19th–20th centuries, their genesis throughout the history of the Soviet state, and also affect their current state. Comparisons are made with Western experience in this area, and the gradual transformation of a playground from a place of education into a territory intended primarily for children's games, communication and development of children is also being studied. The authors identify periods of development of playgrounds in Russia and highlight the features of each period through the functions of playgrounds, their structure and design.
Govorukhina G. V., Blagovskaya E. V.
Institutions of Ethnic Identification in the Altai Republic

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IThe authors explain the difference in approaches to the interpretation of the concept of "ethnic identity" and describe the main characteristics of the institutions of ethnic identification. Using the Republic of Altai as an example, they reveal the characteristics of the main traditional and innovative institutions of ethnic identification; They raise the question of the need for special studies of the formation and functioning of innovative institutions of ethnic identification, which is due, from their point of view, to a change in the socio-economic and information-cultural conditions of life of indigenous peoples of Russia.


Cultural and Ideological Factors of Regionalization

Dudarenok S. V.
Religion in ideological orientations and worldviews of the Far Eastern intelligentsia. 1990s.

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The article is devoted to the study of the place and role of the religious factor in the search process in the crisis 1990s by the Far Eastern intelligentsia of their own identity. It is noted that sociocultural changes in the context of an ideological and ideological crisis have generated in the minds of Russians a sense of pessimism, hopelessness of life, a psychological feeling of fragility of the world around them, and in the minds of the Far East also a sense of "uselessness" to the federal center. In an unfavorable social and spiritual atmosphere, the search for religion, the movement towards religion and the church in the process of searching for "new" foundations of their own identity becomes completely natural for the Far Eastern intelligentsia, as before the revolution the movement towards atheism was completely natural.


World System and International Regions

Yan Lin'lin'
Fifth Eastern Economic Forum: contribution to the development of the Russian Far East and international cooperation in Northeast Asia

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After the 2012 APEC summit in Vladivostok, the annual Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) became the main platform for discussing the problems and development prospects of the Russian Far East. The article assesses the composition of participants and the topics of the fifth EEF held in September 2019 in Vladivostok in comparison with previous forums. According to its results, the forum recently initiated by Russia has become a valuable mechanism for international cooperation in the interests of developing the Far East and discussing the political and economic problems of Northeast Asia as a whole, where there is a shortage of international institutions for discussion at the highest interstate level of persisting acute regional problems.
Zolotukhin I.N.
The prospects for the development of transborder relations between the Russian Far East and the South and Southeast Asia
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The article examines the ways and directions of interaction between the Far Eastern Federal District (FEFD) and the countries of South and Southeast Asia (SSEA) in the context of strategic initiatives of the Russian government aimed at the development of the economy of the Russian Far East (RFE) through creating territories of intensive growth with the participation of foreign partnership in the implementation of production, infrastructure, and investment projects. The work touches upon the forms of transborder cooperation between the FEFD and SSEA, including the dynamics of trade and economic relations, the range of regional interaction, and the trends to strengthening partnership. The article highlights the interests and needs of SSEA’s businessmen in the RFE, considers key areas of cooperation between the FEFD and SSEA. The prospects for transborder relations and the factors constraining their development are identified. The article is based on the analysis of statistical materials, documents and researches reflecting various aspects of the focused problem.
Zhurbey E. V., Karlovskaya A. A., Poletaeva A. M.
The dynamics of trade and economic relations between Vietnam and the United States at the present stage: content and prospects

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Vietnam is one of the key countries in Southeast Asia, where the economic and investment potential of Washington is aimed to, and with which the United States seeks to deepen bilateral economic ties. The article represents the trade and economic relations of Vietnam and the United States at the present stage, factors contributing to the intensification of relations between the two countries, the authors also pays special attention to export-import indicators of the recent years.


Study of Science

Kremnyov E. V., Аnan'ev V. V., Serykh T. S
Structure of Japanese regional studies in the interpretation of the Science Council of Japan

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The article discusses the approaches of the Science Council of Japan to distinguishing sections of regional studies. The Council proposes to consider such disciplines as area studies, humanitarian economic geography, cultural anthropology, international regional development studies, and regional informatics as structural parts of regional studies. The authors of the article note that the proposed structure is heterogeneous, but at the same time meets the modern requirements of transdisciplinarity and allows bringing in the latest achievements of socio-humanitarian, natural and exact sciences to the research of regions.


In the Wake of Our Publications

Zakolodnaya A. S.
Possibilities and limitations of the theory of J. Scott for the study of migration to the Russian Far East

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Usov A. V.
Review of the monograph "Far Eastern smuggling as a historical phenomenon: fight against smuggling in the Russian Far East in the second half of the XIX – first third of the XX century"
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The publication is a review of a collective monograph prepared by a team of authors, under the General reaction of N. A. Belyaeva, dedicated to the experience of combating smuggling in the Russian Far East in the chronological framework of the second half of the XIX – 30s of the XX century. The review notes the special relevance of the topic. Turning to the historical experience of the fight against smuggling allows you to identify its essence, to understand the causes of its occurrence, to determine the role of authorities and law enforcement agencies in the fight against this phenomenon. The structure of the monograph is determined by the variety of scientific interests of the authors United in a scientific team. Each of the chapters reflects the author's view and is devoted to one of the aspects of the problem being studied.