2019 32020 #3 (54)
The Theme:
"Children’s Geographies: plurality of the worlds of the childhood vs. global childhood
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Krejdenko T. F., Vysotskaya А. V.
Regional features of socio-economic conditions of childhood development

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To identify regional features of socio-economic conditions of childhood development, the author's method of typologizing Russian regions by the level of well-being of childhood development conditions based on the multi-sign classification method was used. This method is used for comparing objects by a set of indicators. To conduct the analysis, we calculated the ranks of indicators for five groups of indicators (institutional, demographic, infrastructure, financial and economic, and security). The analysis of the obtained results allowed us to distinguish five author's types of regions of the Russian Federation (RF) by the level of favorability of childhood formation.
Mayorova-Scheglova S. N., Kolosova E. А., Gubanova А. Yu.
Routes of offline and online childhood life: event analysis

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The article substantiates the expansion of factors of children's mobility and the inclusion of a temporal factor associated with the characteristics of time: age-related debuts of movements, the transformation of individual episodes of activity into group routes, the sequence of development of environmental objects, the influence of the specific historical situation of residence. There are three areаs of movements in independent mobility – intrafamily, extrafamily, and virtual mobility. Based on the author's study in 2018, the temporal characteristics of many events of modern childhood are presented and some forecasts and hypotheses of the relationship between mobility and growing up are described.
Bukhtiyarova I. N., Kupryashkina E. А.
The road to school: the diversity of childhood worlds (based on the empirical study "Children and Spaces")

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The article presents an empirical study of the spatial movements of children, based on the key theoretical and methodological aspects of the study of children's everyday life. The description of the features of children's mobility is based on the study of the "home – school" route, as well as a comparative analysis of children's movements by gender, age and type of settlement, which characterizes the content and independence of children's mobility.
Zubova O. G.
Urban and rural spaces in the view of children: based on materials of geographical works

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The article considers the organization of urban and rural space in terms of their friendliness towards children and adolescents. The spatial characteristics of places, their assessment is studied in line with a new interdisciplinary direction - the geography of childhood, formed at the intersection of humanitarian geography and social studies of childhood. To collect empirical data, an essay method was chosen that provides children with the opportunity to describe their favorite place in the city. In total, 140 compositions were collected by schoolchildren aged 9–17 from the cities of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Astrakhan, Kaliningrad, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Cheremkhovo and the village of Dolgorukovo. The presented locations differ in their size, remoteness from the European part of Russia and the socio-economic opportunities for organizing space for children. Through geographical essays of children, which described their favorite places, the problems of studying the territory of residence in terms of spatial, socio-economic and subjective characteristics were solved.  
Minat V. N.
Children's spatial thinking in regional geographical knowledge.
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The primary basis of any scientific perception of spatio–temporal reality is geographical space. This logical position is revealed by the authors of this article in relation to the development of spatial thinking of school-age children, formed within the framework of knowledge of the surrounding reality and a complete geographical picture of the world, characterized by regional features. Based on the study of theoretical material and analysis of experimental research results, General approaches to a realistic understanding of multi-level perception of space by children based on the realization of their own potential are formulated.
Round Table  
Аrdalyanova А. Yu., Badaraev D. D., Biyzhanova Eh. K., Vinokurova А. V., Kalinina I. V., Kostina E. Yu., Kupryashkin I. V., Orlova N. А.
Modern Far Eastern border: institutional transformations and center-peripheral processes

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 Historical Regional Studies  
Koloskova N. I., Аlentsov E. А., Nedostup E. А., Ostapovich O. S.
The political structure of the Empire of Brazil according to the Constitution of 1824a.

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The article is devoted to the Constitution of Brazil of 1824, the first in the history of this country. The political structure of the Brazilian Empire described in the article was based on this Constitution, which was in force from its adoption until the proclamation of the First Brazilian Republic (1889). The article analyzes the tasks that stood at the creation of the Constitution and the main changes made to the state structure of Brazil after the law was initiated. It is emphasized that, although the Imperial Constitution did not solve all the problems in Brazilian society, it was the first to identify the issues to be resolved, and that the monarchy lasted longer in Brazil than successive Republican and dictatorial regimes, including thanks to the basic law of the country in the edition of 1824.  
Zemlyanskij V. L.
Provisional National assembly of the Far East: Milestones of the First Far Eastern Parliament

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Civil war in the Russian Far East 1918–1922 had its own unique features, one of them was the presence of the highest representative bodies of power. Unlike other regions of Russia (in particular, Siberia and the Kuban), the parliaments of Primorye existed with insignificant interruptions from 1920 to 1922. The first parliament in Vladivostok was the Provisional National Assembly of the Far East. The purpose of the article is to study the activities of deputies of the National Assembly. Seaside parliamentarians clearly presented their main tasks (uniting the regions of the Far East, preserving the region for Russia, ending the intervention peacefully, improving the economic situation) and, to the extent possible, sought to achieve them.
Popov F. А.
Conflict of the Khabarovsk City Duma and the Provisional Government of the Far East in 1920

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TThe article analyzes the confrontation between the Khabarovsk city government of the "Kolchak convocation" and the regional government of Primorye formed as a result of the anti-Kolchak coup on January 31, 1920. The parallel existence of several state formations in the Far East created the ground for political instability. The conflict between the Khabarovsk Duma and the Vladivostok government was complicated by an ideological factor: most Duma members belonged to the right, anti-communist camp, while the regional government consisted mainly of socialists. The refusal of both sides to compromise resulted in the unilateral declaration of "independence" of Khabarovsk in August 1920. The evacuation of Japanese troops and the lack of support for the actions of the Duma among the townspeople led to the "separatists" to failure. The conflict was seized by the rivals of Primorye in the unification of the Far East – the Far Eastern Republic and the Soviet Amur Region – the latter's troops, contrary to the protest of the Vladivostok government, occupied Khabarovsk in October 1920.
Economy and Nature  
Makeeva S. B.
The role of labor resources in the process of regional development of Russia and China: modern practices of regional studies comparative studies

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In the framework of the modern direction of regional studies knowledge - regional studies comparative studies, the role of labor resources as one of the key elements in regional development in the implementation of spatial development strategies of the Russian Federation and an updated strategy for the coordinated development of China is analyzed in a comparative aspect. Identified Russian and Chinese trends in high-quality training, the effective redistribution of labor resources for the needs of the regional economy of the two countries. In China, the primary tasks of labor management are the prospects for labor participation in technological progress, industrial modernization, and the economic growth of China's regions, while in Russia one of the key objectives of the development of a regional labor management system is effective employment of the population and solving the problem of centralization of resource flows leading to the intensified socio-economic unevenness of the regions of Russia.

Social and Demographic Structures

Kovalevskij А. V., Blyakher L. E.
Far Eastern migration: peculiarities of the interpretation. Example of the Khabarovsk Territory case

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The topic of migration in scientific discourse is not new. There are many works describing certain scenarios that are relevant for research in large foreign cities or settlements in the European part of Russia. This situation leads to the strengthening of ideas about the existence of a macro-community, which functions according to a single logic for a number of settlements and regions. But the application of generally accepted rules seems irrelevant for cities formed differently. Far Eastern cities are an example of such settlements. This study is aimed at studying the features of migration processes in the Khabarovsk Territory, primarily in the city of Khabarovsk. We strive to show that migration is here a condition for the existence of a community that predetermines the very type of economic activity. At the same time, the prevalence of "outflow" in recent years is associated not with the crisis or socio-economic miscalculations, but with bringing the population in line with the needs of the territory.

Cultural and Ideological Factors of Regionalization

Boyarkina A. V.
Chinese researchers on philosophy and culture ground of Xi Jinping’s concept of a community with a shared future for mankind

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The concept of Xi Jinping "a community with a shared future for mankind" put forward at the 18-th National Congress in 2012, is one of the main Chinese philosophical and diplomatic strategies in the 21st century. The purpose of the article is to analyze Chinese academics’ ideas on philosophical and cultural ground of "a community with a shared future for mankind". The historical and structural methods of analysis are used. The novelty of the study is that the concept, in the author’s opinion, creatively develops Marxism, which reflects a view on the world and humanity from the point of view of countries and peoples, their culture and religion. The concept is focused on improving the life of mankind and preserving global environment. The author shows that this concept is bound with the ancient strategies of political culture and Marxist philosophy.
Political Relations and Management of the Region  
Ermolaeva E. M.
Democracy movement in Republic of Korea (1970s–late 1990s).
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Author analyzes the pro-democracy movement in the Republic of Korea at authoritarian and post-authoritarian period. The paper analyzes the prerequisites for the formation of the movement, its participants, their main ideological attitudes and group interests, as well as the process of institutionalization of the socio-political movement in the Republic of Korea in the post-authoritarian period.
Pisarev I. I.
Public Biases Against Lobbying and Its Regulation as a Way to Overcome Them

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This article focuses on a wide range of biases against lobbying, which emerge as myths, misconceptions, and stereotypes. These biases skew the image of reality around lobbying, which can be addressed by the introduction of its regulation. Such practice exists in over 20 countries, most of them being members of the EU. Regulation of lobbying in these and other countries is practiced both at the national and the subnational levels. EU also gives an example of supranational regulation of lobbying. The proliferation of lobbying regulation across so many countries has encouraged international organizations such as the Commonwealth of Interdependent States, OECD, and the Council of Europe to develop recommendations on lobbying regulation for their country members.

World System and International Regions

Titova N. Yu.
Development experience of eco-industrial parks in the Asia-Pacific region as a guideline for the implementation of the circular economy in Russia

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Recently the issues of deterioration in the environmental situation have been raised at the international level. Theoretical basis for solving environmental problems is connected with the introduction of a new approach in the organization of the economy - the formation of circular economy, the main tool of which are new industrial systems - eco-industrial parks. The main principles of their functioning are to reuse resources in production, reduce waste while improving the quality of life of workers and communities. The article is devoted to the foreign experience of formation and functioning of eco-industrial parks in Asia-Pacific countries, the systematization of which is the basis for the introduction of circular economy in Russia.

Scientific Life

Volynchuk A. B., Kozlov L. E.
On the 10th anniversary of the death of M.Yu. Shinkovsky, political researcher and organizer of political education in the Russian Far East

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Doctor of Political Science, Professor M.Yu. Shinkovsky made a great contribution to the formation of the Far Eastern school of regional and international political studies, as well as to the teaching of political science, international relations and regional studies at the universities of Vladivostok in the 1990s – 2000s. In connection with the 10th anniversary of his untimely death, we recall his scientific ideas and professional path.
Shabelnikova N. A.
"I can't work half-way, I don't want to, and I can't...": Zinovy Abramovich Muravich – manager and mentor (for the 50th anniversary of the training of personnel of the Ministry of internal Affairs in the Primorsky territory)
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The article examines the life and work of Zinoviy Abramovich Muravich – the first head of the departmental educational institution of the Ministry of internal Affairs in the Primorsky territory. The author analyzes the conditions for creating and developing a higher educational institution that trains personnel for internal Affairs bodies. The article summarizes the experience of working with personnel in the field of training and educational work. The conclusion is made about the continuity of training of highly qualified specialists of the Ministry of internal Affairs in Primorye.