2019 32023 #3 (66)
The Theme:
The art of being (un) governed. The Chinese and Koreans in agriculture of the Eastern Russia over 160 years

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From the editors of the heading
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Poznyak T. Z.
Chinese Migrants and Regional Administration in the Russian Far East in the Second Half of the XIX – Early XX Centuries in the light of James Scott's research

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The article analyzes the discourse and practices of interaction between Chinese migrants and represent-atives of the Russian state in the border region within the framework of the concepts of J. Scott. The author dwells on several cases from the history of this interaction in the Russian Far East in the second half of the XIX and early XX centuries. The author comes to the conclusion that various interpretations of the factual material are possible: in some cases, we can interpret the Chinese's insubordination to the Russian authorities as subordination to the Manchu authorities, in others - as various manifestations of the resistance to any state - "the Art of Not Being Governed". In the texts of the authorities, there is a concern about the lack of subordination of the Chinese, but the presence of this discourse and the efforts of the regional administration to establish control over Asian migrants testify to the process of establishing the subordination of "Zomia" to the state.
Ryzhova N.P.
Koryo Saram in Agriculture: 100 Years of Everyday Resistance

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The article examines the routine/everyday resistance practices of Koryo Saram in imperial Russia, early and late Soviet Union. The author follows the paradigm proposed by J. Scott while rejecting his idea of the coherence of the state. In so doing, the author demonstrates how informal economic practices of Koryo Saram (gobonji, bazaar trade, production of "Korean salads") were linked to other forms of everyday resistance. The paradoxical "other form," in Soviet times, was shock labor, which was surprisingly combined with the persistent use of traditional Korean land cultivation practices (bureaucrats used the term "Asian mode of production"). The article is divided into two parts; the frst one discusses how Russian imperial offcials, military offcers, and agronomists treated Asian agrarian techniques, and attempts to answer the question of whether the imperial Russian Far East was Scott's "Zomia" for Koreans. The paper is based on archival data, academic and journalist publications on Koryo Saram, and the author's feld data.

Ivanov S. A.
Chinese vegetable farmers in Soviet villages: workers or tenants?

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TThe article examines the phenomenon of Chinese vegetable farming in the USSR in 1988-1991. Using the materials of archives and oral history of Pogranichnyi district of Primorsky Krai, it shows that from the organizational and legal point of view, leasing agreements were the basis of agrarian production of Chinese brigades on the felds of state farms, although the farms' management hindered the development of this form of the economic relations with the Soviet employees. The author identifes governance techniques and discursive procedures that allowed to reduce the contradictions generated by the presence of Chinese brigades and to form in the district discourse a persistent image of the Chinese not as autonomous tenants, but as hired workers.
Koreshkova I. O.
The "material turn" in the informal economy: China's Presence in Siberian Agriculture

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The author of this study attempts to apply the "material turn" approach - M. Delanda's Assemblage Theory - to study the Chinese presence in the agricultural sphere in Siberia within the framework of the concept of the informal economy. The paper will demonstrate how, as a consequence of the neoliberal reforms of the 1990s, the collapsed agricultural networks and abandoned infrastructure have been excluded from formal processes, production chains, and networks and have found their second birth in the feld of the informal economy. According to mechanisms of market self-organization, former collective farms and, at present, "Chinese" farms have become unique places of assembly of people, objects, and technologies - acting actors embedded in transnational, trans-local, and local networkst.
Avdashkin A. A., Fatkulina I. I.
"They Planted Aluminum Cucumbers in Tarpaulin Fields": Migrants from Central Asia and China in Rural Urals

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In the article based on the author's feld materials collected in 2019-2022. on the territory of the Chelyabinsk and Sverdlovsk regions, as well as publications of media resources, the discourse about the rejection of space in rural areas of the Urals by "others" is considered. The territorial framework is due to the fact that it was in these two regions that the main number of greenhouse complexes labeled as Chinese were located. The key research question is the following: how is the formation of ideas about rural locations, torn away from the "local" migrants from China and Central Asia. Fears related to the formation of migrant enclaves in large Russian cities have not been convincingly confrmed. However, the potential for the formation of such facilities in rural areas is of considerable concern to the public. Despite the fact that there are practically no Chinese in greenhouses, the idea of their "Chineseness" is flled with new content. The Chinese greenhouse seems to be a concentration of migrants, archaic practices alien to the receiving side, aimed at "capturing" space by "others", causing damage to "us". In this sense, greenhouses as an economic object and a set of social relations are marked, frst of all, by ethnic categories - in this case, "Chineseness" - even in cases where a signifcant part of the workers are not Chinese at all, but migrants from Central Asia or local residents.  
Round Table  
Barbenko Ya. A., Blyakher L. E., Demyanenko A. N., Kireev A. A., Leontieva E. O., Mishina N. V., Ukrainskiy V. N., Yarulin I. F.
Transborder regions of the Far East

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Theory and Methodology of Regional Studies  
Kuznetsov A. M.
The concept of ethnicity by F. Barth, its origins and real significance

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In the article, on the basis of new facts, a critical reassessment of F. Barth's contribution to the creation of the concept of ethnicity is made. A comparison of ideas about the signifcance of the phenomenon of ethnic groups, the role of the natural factor for their existence and the nature of interethnic interactions of the preface by F. Barta to the collection of articles "Ethnic groups and borders" and the English-language publications of S.M. Shirokogorov about ethnos. Taking into account the earlier appearance of the publications of the Russian scientist, it is concluded that the Norwegian specialist borrowed his ideas, without reference to the primary sources.  
Historical Regional Studies  
Petrov A. S.
The influence of Chinese organized crime on the criminal situation in Eastern Siberia at the beginning of the XX century

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Based on diverse historical sources, the article analyzes the infuence of Chinese criminal gangs on the development of crime in Eastern Siberia at the beginning of the 20th century. The study proves that Chinese criminals as part of organized criminal groups quite often penetrated the border cities and rural areas of the eastern part of Siberia. In the conditions of the taiga and rural areas, gangs consisting of 10-40 hunghuz usually made sorties. In cities, smaller groups of 3-4 people committed crimes. At the same time, the Honghuzi operating in Eastern Siberia were well equipped with frearms. During the First World War, the presence of organized Chinese criminals on the territory of the Russian Empire became especially widespread. The border location of Eastern Siberia signifcantly complicated the struggle of law enforcement agencies against the Hunhuzism.
Karaman V. N.
Historiography of the theme of Russian abroad (Based on publications in the magazines "Russia and the Asia-Pacifc region", "Ojkumena. Regional researches" and "Oriental Institute Journal"). Part 2

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The article gives a brief historiography of the topic of the Russian diaspora on the pages of the magazines: "Russia and the Asia-Pacifc Region", "Ojkumena. Regional researches" and "Proceedings of the Oriental Institute". The main directions of research on the topic within the framework of these publications are highlighted. Their review and a brief description as a whole are given. Statistics are provided on aspects of the topic and geographical coverage. Attention is drawn to the lack of archival sources on the subject of the Russian diaspora.
Political Relations and Management of the Region  
Budaev B. S.
Metropolitan municipalities in the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District (in the context of a small municipal reform)

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In most Russian cities, they switched to a system of indirect elections of mayors. An important question for the study is how and under what conditions this transition was carried out and how likely it is to return to the system of direct elections of the mayor. Along with the election of the mayor of the capital district, the analysis of their parliamentary component is relevant. In particular, we were interested in the question of how manageable they became after the transition to a mixed system and the return to the practice of elections by the majoritarian system and / or the reduction of the proportional part.
Xia Lin
The construction of Russian image by People's Daily

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This study counts the main reports related to Russia in the People's Daily from 2015 to 2022. Analyze the construction of Russia's image by People's Daily from the perspective of international relations. Based on the theory of international relations constructivism, the author further analyzes the reasons for the image building of the Russian Federation.
World System and International Regions  
Voitov S. A., Zhurbey E. V.
Institutionalization of think tanks in Vietnam and their role in public policy. Part 2

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In this research the authors examine the process of institutionalization of think tanks in Vietnamese public policy. Since 1986, think tanks have played an important role during the market transformation of SRV. At that period the organizational features of the Vietnamese think tanks were formed. These features can also be seen today: low policy independence, the presence of an ideological narrative in research, a focus on the state as the main consumer of expert knowledge, and, as a result, resource dependence on it. It is important to note that these features were also found during our analysis of ten modern Vietnamese think tanks.
Study of Science  
Dudarenok S. M.
Scientific directions, schools and leading scientists of the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East (IAE FEB RAS)

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The article is devoted to the formation and development of academic scientifc schools in one of the oldest institutes of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences - the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East. The purpose of the article is to characterize the activities of the main scientifc schools and trends currently existing at the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography. The article shows that the scientifc schools and trends that exist at the Institute arose by separating them from the Far Eastern historical school, which in turn was formed under the infuence of the Siberian historical and archaeological schools; the role of the frst director of the Institute, Academician A.I. Krushanov; the role of the Institute of History of the Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences as a center of academic historical science in the Far East region and one of the training centers for professional historians is determined. The main sources for writing the article were the materials of the current IIAE archive - the personal fles of scientists who worked at the Institute. The research methodology is based on the method of scientifc description, and the methodology is based on a comprehensive, system-historical approach to the study of the past.
Scientific Life  
Shabelnikova N. A., Usov A. V.
"My love – expedition": to the anniversary of Academician Anatoly Panteleevich Derevyanko
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The article examines the life and work of Anatoly Panteleevich Derevyanko, an outstanding Russian scientist in the feld of archeology and ancient history, a major specialist in the problems of the Ancient Stone Age of Asia and America, the initial human settlement of the Eurasian subcontinent, chronostratigraphy and correlation of Paleolithic cultures in arid zones of Eurasia, reconstructions of the ancient history of the Amur region and the Far East from the Paleolithic era to the Early Middle Ages. Scientists have discovered and studied hundreds of archaeological sites in Northern, Central and South-East Asia, as well as South-Western and Eastern Europe.  
Vinokurova A. V., Ardalyanova A. Yu., Yakovlev A. I.
XV Congress of Anthropologists and Ethnologists of Russia in St. Petersburg: participants' notes

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The report presents an overview of the main events of the XV Congress of Anthropologists and Ethnologists of Russia. More than 1000 Russian researchers from almost all Russian regions and about 100 foreign specialists took part in the event. On the sidelines of the Congress, leading Russian and foreign scientists discussed the issues of the ethnocultural heritage of the peoples of Russia and the world, man and society in the projections of stability and variability, reality and virtuality, traditional knowledge and new technologies.